Digital propaganda or 'normal' political polarization? Case study of political debate on Polish Twitter
- Polish Twitter does not encourage confrontation of opinions. In both political bubbles that we identified influencers talked about the same topics but hardly ever talked to each other.
- It is prominent individuals and well-established organisations (politicians, journalists, mainstream media) that shape political discourse on Twitter, not bots. Bots (false amplifiers) can be used for influence-boosting but on their own they are not in a position to change or create trends.
- Using network analysis (without deeper, qualitative analysis) it is nearly impossible to differentiate false amplifiers from professionally managed accounts.
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Panoptykon Foundation is the only NGO in Poland which keeps an eye on those who collect and use personal data in order to inﬂuence people: public authorities, intelligence agencies, business corporations. Since 2009 Panoptykon keeps track of new legislation, intervenes to protect human rights and explains the dark side of surveillance. Personal data became a new currency and a very eﬀective instrument of power. Pervasive surveillance feeds our fears and kills trust. Algorithm-based decisions reinforce stereotypes, leading to exclusion and discrimination. Therefore Panoptykon helps people regain control over their data and build society that respects freedom.
About Internet Policy Observatory
The Internet Policy Observatory (IPO) is a project at the Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Pennsylvania. The overarching goal of the program is to deepen the reservoir of researchers and advocates in regions where Internet freedom is threatened or curtailed and to support the production of innovative, high-quality, and impactful internet policy research. The IPO facilitates collaboration between research and advocacy communities, builds research mentorships between emerging and established scholars, and engages in trainings to build capacity for more impactful digital rights research and advocacy.